But a comprehensive free trade agreement between nations is unlikely in the near future, Lighthizer said at a virtual event organized this week by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. « The reality is that there is currently no support for a free trade agreement within the Democratic Party in the United States, » he noted. The announcement follows a series of other small trade deals announced by the Trump administration, including with Japan, China and the European Union. Unlike a comprehensive free trade agreement, these small agreements do not require congressional approval, which can put a deal on hold or collapse for many months. The Trump administration has also sought a limited trade deal with India, but has yet to reach an agreement. The pact, the latest in a series of « mini » trade deals falsified by the Trump administration, follows seven months of negotiations between the United States and Brazil and is coming in as President Trump looks forward to winning trade profits before the November 3 election. But it is not known to what extent the new agreement will stimulate trade between countries, as it is limited. The United States and China split this year on coronavirus, trade and Hong Kong. Shortly after a trade agreement was put in place in January, the global pandemic was declared in March, crippling economies around the world and putting pressure on national health systems. The Trump administration has often targeted China because of the virus – which is widely believed to have appeared in Wuhan late last year. The U.S. trade surplus with Brazil was $12.0 billion in 2019, an increase of 46.6% ($3.8 billion) over 2018.
On October 19, 2020, Brazil and the United States announced the signing of a protocol on trade rules and transparency (protocol). The protocol updates the 2011 Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation (ATEC) between the two countries with new annexes in three areas: trade facilitation and customs administration, good regulatory practices and the fight against corruption. The agreement is the culmination of a long process. In 2016, former Brazilian President Michel Temer expressed interest in additional investments from the United States.