Turkey Libya Agreement Wiki

At the request of the United Nations, the two sides agreed at the end of March to a new ceasefire because of the new coronavirus; The ceasefire quickly broke down. On 24 March, shells hit a prison in an area held by the GNA and were condemned by the United Nations. The GNA launched a series of « counter-attacks » in early 25 March in response to what the GNA described as « the most serious bombings Tripoli has ever seen ». [223] In June 2020, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi negotiated an agreement with parties affiliated with the Libyan National Army and called it the Cairo Declaration, but it was quickly rejected. [224] The GNA condemned the peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates as an « unsurprising betrayal of the United Arab Emirates ». [71] Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognized government witnessed increased cooperation in Libya. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to the government`s support of the National Agreement, to the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present). [22] As the issues arising from the dispute are still evolving, the full consequences of this maritime conflict are not yet foreseeable. During Abd al-Salam Jallud`s visit to Turkey in January 1975, a « cooperation breakthrough agreement » was signed, involving the sending of 10,000 skilled Turkish workers to Libya to develop the country`s oil-rich economy.

[18] This agreement also includes the obligation for Libya to deliver crude oil to Turkey « at preferential prices » and to establish a Turkish-Libyan bank. In August 1975, Libya announced its intention to take in « up to 100,000 Turkish workers per year. » [18] On 17 October, Turkey passed a law extending its Search and Rescue Zone (SAR) to all areas it claims to be part of its blue homeland. [234] [235] [236] However, under international law, this situation is illegal because countries cannot voluntarily expand their SAR zones without prior agreements with their neighbours. Greece strongly protested against this unilateral expansion of the Turkish SAR, which intersects the sovereign rights of the Greek islands and their surrounding waters, and announced that it would file complaints with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO). [237] [238] Turkey called the Greek protests « for no reason » and insisted that the expansion took place « to ensure the security of activities » within the Greek continental shelf, which Ankara describes as « Turkish ». [239] ICAO Secretary General Fang Liu, however, opposed Turkey`s unilateral extension of the SAR and reaffirmed Greece`s position in the dispute, as the borders and responsibilities of the SAR in Athens cannot be changed without Greece`s prior approval. [240] [241] Turkey and the government of the national agreement have signed a maritime border treaty to create an exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean, meaning they can claim rights to basic marine resources. [1] According to the list of maritime border treaties, this is the first agreement ever signed between the two countries and thus introduces a new dynamic in the eastern Mediterranean region.